The association between food addiction, disordered eating behaviors and food intake
Palavras-chave:Feeding and eating disorders, Food addiction, Food consumption
This study was conducted with 370 undergraduate students to investigate the relationship between food intake, food addiction and disordered eating behavior.
The Yale Food Addiction Scale, Eating Attitude Test-26 and Food Frequency Questionnaire were used to assess food addiction, disordered eating behavior and food intake.
A positive weak correlation was found between the Yale Food Addiction Scale and daily energy, carbohydrate and fat intake (r=0.228, p<0.001; r=0.222, p<0.001; r=0.225, p<0.001 respectively) whereas a negative weak correlation was found between Eating Attitude Test-26 and daily energy and carbohydrate intake (r=-0.105, p=0.044; r=-0.116, p=0.025 respectively).
Food intake is associated with food addiction and disordered eating behaviour. Further research should be conducted with a larger population also examining body composition, exercises and financial situation of the individuals because all of these factors have an influence on the nutritional status and eating behavior as well.
Özkan İ, Devrim A, Bilgiç P. Evaluation of the relationship between food addiction, nutritional status and depression in overweight and obese women. J Nutr Diet. 2017;45(3):242-9.
Long CG, Blundell JE, Finlayson G. A systematic review of the application and correlates of YFAS-diagnosed food addiction in humans: are eating-related addictions a cause for concern or empty concepts?. Obes Facts. 2015;8(6):386-401.
Penzenstadler L, Soares C, Karila L, Khazaal Y. Systematic review of food addiction as measured with the Yale Food Addiction Scale: implications for the food addiction construct. Curr Neuropharmacol. 2018;16:1-13.
Davis C. A commentary on the associations among food addiction, binge eating disorder, and obesity: overlapping conditions with idiosyncratic clinical features. Appetite. 2017;115:3-8.
Treasure J, Leslie M, Chami R, Fernandez-Aranda F. Are trans diagnostic models of eating disorders fit for purpose? A consideration of the evidence for food addiction. Eur Eat Disorders Rev. 2017;26:83-91.
Meule A, Gearhardt AN. Food addiction in the light of DSM-5. Nutrients. 2014;6(9): 3653-71.
Dimitrijević I, Popović N, Sabljak V, Škodrić-Trifunović V, Dimitrijević N. Food addiction-diagnosis and treatment. Psychiatr Danub. 2015;27(1):101-6.
Schulte EM, Avena NM, Gearhardt AN. Which foods may be addictive? The roles of processing, fat content, and glycemic load. Plos One. 2015;10(2):e0117959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117959
Yu Z, Tan M. Disordered eating behaviors and food addiction among nutrition major college students. Nutrients. 2016;8(11):E673. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu8110673
Pengpid S, Peltzer K, Ahsan GU. Risk of eating disorders among university students in Bangladesh. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2015;27(1):93-100.
Manzoni GM, Rossi A, Pietrabissa G, Varallo G, Molinari E, Poggiogalle E, et al. Validation of Italian Yale Food Addiction Scale in postgraduate university students. Eat Weight Disord. 2018;23:167-76.
Yu Z, Indelicato NA, Fuglestad P, Tan M, Lindsay B, Sticea C. Sex differences in disordered eating and food addiction among college students. Appetite. 2018;129:12-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.06. 028
Gearhardt AN, Corbin WR, Brownell KD. Preliminary validation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale. Appetite. 2009;52(2):430-6.
Gearhardt AN, Corbin WR, Brownell KD. Development of the Yale Food Addiction Scale Version 2.0. Psychol Addict Behav. 2016;30(1):113-21.
Bayraktar F, Erkman F, Kurtuluş E. Adaptation study of Yale Food Addiction Scale. Klin Psikofarmakol B. 2012;22:38.
Garner DM, Olmsted MP, Bohr Y, Garfinkel PE. The eating attitudes test: psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol Med. 1982;12(4):871-8.
Savaşır I, Erol N. Yeme tutum testi: anoreksiya nervoza belirtileri indeksi. Turk J Psychol. 1989;7(23):19-25.
Rodríguez MA, Salar VN, Carretero MC, Gimeno CE, Collado RE. Eating disorders and diet management in contact sports: EAT-26 questionnaire does not seem appropriate to evaluate eating disorders in sports. Nutr Hosp. 2015;32(4):1708-14.
Pekcan G. Beslenme durumunun saptanması. In: Baysal A, et al. Diyet El Kitabı. Ankara: Hatiboğlu Yayınları; 2016.
Lemeshow AR, Rimm EB, Hasin DS, Gearhardt AN, Flint AJ, Field AE, et al. Food and beverage consumption and food addiction among women in the Nurses’ Health Studies. Appetite. 2018;121:186-97.
Küçükerdönmez Ö, Urhan M, Altın M, Hacıraifoğlu O, Yıldız B. Assessment of the relationship between food addiction and nutritional status in schizophrenic patients. Nutr Neurosci. 2017;1-9.
Ayaz A, Nergiz-Unal R, Dedebayraktar D, Akyol A, Pekcan AG, Besler HT, et al. How does food addiction influence dietary intake profile? Plos One. 2018;13(4):e0195541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.019 5541
Pursey KM, Collins CE, Stanwell P, Burrows TL. Foods and dietary profiles associated with food addiction in young adults. Addict Behav Rep. 2015;5(2):41-8.
Carlier N, Marshe VS, Cmorejova J, Davis C, Müller DJ. Genetic similarities between compulsive overeating and addiction phenotypes: a case for food addiction?. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2015;17(12):96.
Burrows T, Hides L, Brown R, Dayas CV, Kay-Lambkin F. Differences in dietary preferences, personality and mental health in australian adults with and without food addiction. Nutrients. 2017;9(3):285.
Costa NF, Schtscherbyna A, Soares EA, Ribeiro BG. Disordered eating among adolescent female swimmers: dietary, biochemical, and body composition factors. Nutrition. 2013; 29(1):172-7.
Aparicio-Llopis E, Canals J, Arija V. Dietary intake according to the course of symptoms of eating disorders in a school-based follow-up study of adolescents. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2014;22(6):412-42.
Copyright (c) 2022 Gulhan SENGOR, Ceren GEZER
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.